The properties of hair spray as a fixative for pastel and charcoal on paper

Many artists who create drawings with friable or powdery media, such as chalk, pastel and charcoal, choose to use hairspray as an inexpensive alternative to commercially available art fixatives. The physical properties and ageing characteristics of hair sprays, which have been applied to art on pape...

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Main Author: Walton, Ainsley
Corporate Author: Queen's University. Department of art
Published: Kingston, Canada : Queen's University 2004
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040 |a IT-RoICC  |c IT-RoICC 
041 |a eng  |b eng 
100 1 |9 108316  |a Walton, Ainsley 
245 1 4 |a The properties of hair spray as a fixative for pastel and charcoal on paper 
260 |a Kingston, Canada :  |b Queen's University,  |c 2004 
300 |a ca. 100 p. in various pagings :   |b tables ;   |c 28 cm. 
336 |2 local  |a THE 
502 |a (Master of art conservation), Queen's University, Kingston, Canada 
504 |a ca. 15 bibliog. refs. 
520 |a Many artists who create drawings with friable or powdery media, such as chalk, pastel and charcoal, choose to use hairspray as an inexpensive alternative to commercially available art fixatives. The physical properties and ageing characteristics of hair sprays, which have been applied to art on paper, have not been thoroughly investigated. In this project, the effects of hair sprays on media and paper before and after exposure to ultraviolet light have been investigated. Using test samples of coloured pastels on paper and charcoal on paper, sample sets were treated with one of several brands of inexpensive hairspray or artists' fixatives. The products tested were: Adorn hairspray, Aquanet Fresh Scent hairspray, Aquanet Unscented hairspray, Finesse hairspray, Lady Classic hairspray, White Rain hairspray, Winsor and Newton artists' fixative and Krylon workable art fixative. The samples were analysed with a colorimeter after drying. Sample sets were then artificially aged through exposure to prolonged levels of ultraviolet light. Changes in colour and gloss over time were assessed using the colorimeter. The components of the hairsprays and artists' fixatives were assessed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Results show that the hairsprays tested may serve as adequate fixatives for pastel as they do not appear to have any deleterious effects when compared to the commercial art fixatives tested, and appear to prevent light-induced fading of fugitive pigments and coloured papers. These results will help artists to make an informed choice when choosing to apply hair sprays as a fixatives to their works. 
546 |a English/Anglais 
653 0 0 |a Drawing, Engraving/Dessin, Gravure 
653 0 0 |a Products and techniques/Produits et techniques 
690 |9 113301  |a Drawing/Dessin 
690 |9 114208  |a Pastel/Pastel 
690 |9 113032  |a Charcoal/Fusain 
690 |9 114820  |a Support paper/Support papier 
690 |9 113477  |a Fixative/Fixatif 
690 |9 114883  |a Test/Essai 
690 |9 114560  |a Sample/Echantillon 
690 |9 115001  |a Ultraviolet/Ultraviolet 
690 |9 112672  |a Accelerated ageing/Vieillissement accéléré 
690 |9 112895  |a Black pigment/Pigment noir 
690 |9 115128  |a White pigment/Pigment blanc 
690 |9 114449  |a Red pigment/Pigment rouge 
690 |9 113105  |a Colour change/Changement de couleur 
690 |9 113280  |a Discolouration/Décoloration 
690 |9 113414  |a Examination/Examen 
690 |9 113513  |a Fourier infrared spectroscopy/Spectroscopie infrarouge fourier 
690 |9 113110  |a Colourimetry/Colorimétrie 
690 |9 113412  |a Evaluation/Evaluation 
693 |a Hairspray 
710 2 |9 8434  |a Queen's University. Department of art  |u Kingston, Canada 
859 |c ds 
906 |a 20091202 
942 |n 0 
999 |c http://biblio.iccrom.org/cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl?biblionumber=103551  |d 103551 
952 |0 0  |1 0  |2 iccrom  |4 0  |6 KINGSTON_REPORT_304  |7 0  |9 103680  |a ICCROM  |d 2009-11-01  |o Kingston report 304  |r 2011-07-06  |w 2011-07-06  |y THE  |b ICCROM